Claude Turmes is Member of the European Parliament where his main area of focus is on European energy policy, renewables, energy efficiency, European transport policy, green economy, policies on corporate social responsibility and transparency of lobbying, as well as health and social policies. Since 1999 he has been a member of the Greens/EFA group and held the position of Vice President of the Green Group of the European Parliament from 2002 to 2014. Current and past activities in the European Parliament have included membership of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE), and Rapporteur of the Directive on Renewable Energies, the Energy Efficiency Directive and the second directive on the liberalization of the energy market, as well as coordinator on energy issues for the Green Group. Prior to taking up his mandate in the European Parliament, Mr Turmes was active in Friends of the Earth Luxembourg on issues of climate change, energy and the WTO. He held the position of a Sports teacher in Luxembourg in 1983 to 1999 following his graduation in Sports Studies at the University of Louvain la Neuve in Belgium.